When you think about importing large quantities of goods from China, sea freight is an excellent option. The oceans cover most of our planet, so they offer people a cheap mean of shipping.
Sea freight is one of the best ways to ship goods to all parts of the world individuals and companies. At present, more than two-thirds of international trade and more than 80% of China's exports of goods are shipping by sea.
This article is about sea freight from China, if you are new, I hope this can help you. If you are proficient in this, it will also enhance your understanding.
Benefits of Sea Freight
We know the advantages of sea freight, which may outweigh the benefits of other shipping options.
Sea freight are not very expensive compared to other modes of transport. They provide a cheap way for the company to transport various products. Companies need to ensure that they do not spend a lot of money on shipping the goods they manufacture or import, thereby reducing loading costs.
The choice of shipping by sea can save a lot of money, reduce operating costs, to provide them advantage than competitors . However, sea freight is not the slowest method, if you have time limit , it is best to choose other modes of transport.
The Best Choice For Heavy Cargo
Sea freight has no limit on the range of products that can be transported through it. Regardless of its size, shape, type, weight or material, except for some restricted dangerous goods, all most cargo can be shipped by sea.
Companies are less willing to use air freight services to import heavy goods such as automobiles, industrial parts, machinery and other large items.
On the one hand, the narrow cabin door and cargo space of plane limit the size of the goods. On the one hand even so, shipping costs will be very high, which means that many companies do not consider it.
This is why commercial organizations choose to transport heavy goods by sea, and these restrictions are not a problem, ships can accommodate larger shipments, and the costs are usually still reasonable.
Find the Best Types of Sea Freight
Ocean freight requires a combination of various modes of shipping to ensure the goods to reach their destinations within the specified time. Some of the most basic types of services provided by shipping companies include:
RO-RO Transport - It is a kind of marine shipping method for laden vehicles. Forklift, semi-trailer or vehicle carries cargo, the loaded vehicle drives into the ro-ro ship. When the it arrives at the destination and then it is off the boat.
Container Freight - It consists of a standard 20-foot or 40-foot container. These containers can be used to transport various items from household supplies to commercial goods.
Tanker Freight - It is used for shipping goods in the form of liquids or gases, such as petrol, compressed natural gas, bulk liquids, etc.
Bulk Cargo Freight - These services are usually used to transport bulk cargo and single commodity goods, like ores, coal, grain, etc.
Container Shipping Is A Reasonable Option
Cargo containers are metal containers for transport purposes. Cargo is first packaged and then loaded into containers, called container cargo. These containers can convert quickly between vehicles and container ships in the multi-transport.
Container freight is currently predominant in most modes of transport, and its use in global trade is obvious. Products can be better carried out with international shipping containers.
Freight containers are quite versatile in their use. Shipping containers are usually rectangular-shaped storage containers made by hard steel material. They are durable, weather resistant, mildew and pest resistant, intact, with various dimensions for different goods. Besides, these cargo containers are usually waterproof and sealed in most cases, so your goods will be not easy damaged.
But if your company involve in mass transit or bulk cargo transport, it is very likely that you will need container shipping. Most international container shipments are carried out through 20 ft or 40 ft container. The container size is standardized and the maximum load is described in the following table.
Container shipping has two modes, full container Loading (FCL) or less than container loading (LCL):
• FCL is a "door to door" concept. When the shipper's cargo is enough to fill more than one container, we can use a standard container of 20 feet or 40 feet to transport them.
Many companies can provide safety seals for containers so that cargo can be safely transported from one place to another.
• LCL also calls part or sheared container. If you need to send goods that do not fill the full container, you do not have to pay for the full container. LCL will allow the consignee to share space with other people's cargo to fill one or more containers.
This is a cheaper option because a person does not have enough space to fill the entire container. The agent deals with and consolidated goods with the same destinations from different shippers.
Port Of Loading - Which One To Choose?
Do you know that millions of products sold around the world are made in China? Many of these products were imported from Shenzhen, Shanghai, Ningbo, Xiamen, Tianjin, Hong Kong ports to North America, Europe and Australia and other destinations. As well there are many manufacturers In China's Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta, the ring Bohai area.
All the major shipping carriers in the world have built their offices in Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Shanghai are the major seaports in China. We chose them as the port of loading, because they offer not only cheap sea freight service from China, but also there are more shipping route to the world.
In all China's ports, 16 large ports cover most of the imports and exports. As you can see from the map, China has a long coastline with many ports and which one is suitable as the port of shipment.
Usually you should always choose the port that is closest to you or your suppliers. For example, if we ship a cargo container from Dongguan to Melbourne, from the map, it can be on board in Guangzhou port, Shenzhen, Dongguan Port.
Once the container arrives at the port, the crane will be unloaded from the lorry and loaded onto the ship. Once the container is loaded onto a container ship, vessels will sail to the port of destination.
How Long Will You Take the Consignment?
Compared with air freight, the delivery speed of sea freight is very low. Therefore, it takes more time to sail on sea. Depending on the distance to the destination port, You can expect your goods to arrive from a few weeks to two months.
The delivery time of sea freight depends on distance and route. Some companies load cargo from ports in a variety of ways. Cargo freighter rarely directly sail to the destination, it means they must make several stopovers on the way to the final destination, and make a deal when they dock, and the ship will have to wait a few days.
For example, shipping from Chinese ports to Australian ports usually takes 13-19 days, depending on shipping lines and destination port. If you need faster delivery, the best option is by air.
You can track the latest status through an online tracking system.
Maritime related time terms:
ETA: Estimated Time of Arrival.
ETD: Estimated time of departure.
ETB: Estimated Time on Board.
Shipping Documents You Should Prepare
Prepare the correct documents for your imported goods in advance, otherwise you will find that your goods are stuck in some illegal locations in a port or destination country/region. Like air cargo, when you ship the goods by the vessel, the appropriate documents are used for destination customs clearance.
Detailed instructions on how to complete:
Bill of lading(BOL)- It is the most important document in shipping, issued by the carrier of the forwarder to the shipper. The bill of lading is a formal agreement for the carriage of goods, which indicates that the shipping company has received shipments. BOL must be used for pickup at destination port.
• Commercial Invoices.
• Packing list, if available (Not mandatory).
• Certificate of origin.
• Documents required for export of departure ports, such as export declarations.
• Other documents required by destination Customs , such as quarantine certificates for goods.
• Export/import license(If necessary).
The list of documents listed above is ambiguous. The national laws and import procedures that you ship to decide the specific documents .
Cargo Arrival: Clear Customs and Pick Up Your Goods
When a container arrives at the port of destination, paperwork must be submitted to the Customs to describe the imported goods . This means it must be documented and declared by the responsible party, he customs check whether it is contraband
It is advisable to use a customs broker to handle an import declaration on behalf of an importer. The customs broker is an expert in the process. There should be no difference or mistake during the customs clearance.
Conflict with the law means that the goods will be suspended for a time until the case is resolved. This will lead to unnecessary delays and bad affect to business. They must understand the customs requirements of the port and help to clean cargo in the shortest time.
Are You in A Landlocked or Non-Port City
Ports outside the basic port are called non-base ports and transshipment to non-basic port requires barge. Inland areas are referred to as landlocked points, which need to relay from railways or highways. Except the basic port charges, sea freight is subject to extra transshipment or internal towing surcharge.
The basic port is the port where liner company's ship docked regularly, most of them is in the center of the larger port. The port equipment are good, with the volume of goods.
In Europe, shipping companies are now providing multi-freight services to not only the world's major ports, but also inland points.